H. RES. 109

Recognizing the duty of the Federal Government to create a Green New Deal.



FEBRUARY 7, 2019


BOYLE of Pennsylvania, Mr. CASTRO of Texas, Ms. CLARKE of New York, Ms. JAYAPAL, Mr. KHANNA, Mr. TED LIEU of California, Ms. PRESSLEY, Mr. WELCH, Mr. ENGEL, Mr. NEGUSE, Mr. NADLER, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr. POCAN, Mr. TAKANO, Ms. NORTON, Mr. RASKIN, Mr. CONNOLLY, Mr. LOWENTHAL, Ms. MATSUI, Mr. THOMPSON of California, Mr. LEVIN of California, Ms. PINGREE, Mr. QUIGLEY, Mr. HUFFMAN,

Mrs. WATSON COLEMAN, Mr. GARC´IA of Illinois, Mr. HIGGINS of New



Ms. WATERS) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Commit- tees on Science, Space, and Technology, Education and Labor, Transpor- tation and Infrastructure, Agriculture, Natural Resources, Foreign Af- fairs, Financial Services, the Judiciary, Ways and Means, and Oversight and Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the juris- diction of the committee concerned


Recognizing the duty of the Federal Government to create a Green New Deal.

Whereas the October 2018 report entitled ‘‘Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 oC’’ by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the November 2018 Fourth National Climate Assessment report found that—

  1. human activity is the dominant cause of ob- served climate change over the past century;

  2. a changing climate is causing sea levels to rise and an increase in wildfires, severe storms, droughts, and other extreme weather events that threaten human life, healthy communities, and critical infrastructure;

  3. global warming at or above 2 degrees Celsius be- yond preindustrialized levels will cause—

    1. mass migration from the regions most af- fected by climate change;

    2. more than $500,000,000,000 in lost annual economic output in the United States by the year 2100;

    3. wildfires that, by 2050, will annually burn at least twice as much forest area in the western United States than was typically burned by wildfires in the years preceding 2019;

    4. a loss of more than 99 percent of all coral reefs on Earth;

    5. more than 350,000,000 more people to be exposed globally to deadly heat stress by 2050; and

    6. a risk of damage to $1,000,000,000,000 of public infrastructure and coastal real estate in the United States; and

  4. global temperatures must be kept below 1.5 de- grees Celsius above preindustrialized levels to avoid the most severe impacts of a changing climate, which will re- quire—

    1. global reductions in greenhouse gas emis- sions from human sources of 40 to 60 percent from 2010 levels by 2030; and

    2. net-zero global emissions by 2050;

Whereas, because the United States has historically been re- sponsible for a disproportionate amount of greenhouse gas emissions, having emitted 20 percent of global green- house gas emissions through 2014, and has a high tech- nological capacity, the United States must take a leading role in reducing emissions through economic trans- formation;

Whereas the United States is currently experiencing several related crises, with—

  1. life expectancy declining while basic needs, such as clean air, clean water, healthy food, and adequate health care, housing, transportation, and education, are inaccessible to a significant portion of the United States population;

  2. a 4-decade trend of wage stagnation, deindustrialization, and antilabor policies that has led to—

    1. hourly wages overall stagnating since the 1970s despite increased worker productivity;

    2. the third-worst level of socioeconomic mo- bility in the developed world before the Great Reces- sion;

    3. the erosion of the earning and bargaining power of workers in the United States; and

    4. inadequate resources for public sector workers to confront the challenges of climate change at local, State, and Federal levels; and

  3. the greatest income inequality since the 1920s, with—

    1. the top 1 percent of earners accruing 91 percent of gains in the first few years of economic recovery after the Great Recession;

    2. a large racial wealth divide amounting to a difference of 20 times more wealth between the aver- age white family and the average black family; and

    3. a gender earnings gap that results in women earning approximately 80 percent as much as men, at the median;

Whereas climate change, pollution, and environmental de- struction have exacerbated systemic racial, regional, so- cial, environmental, and economic injustices (referred to in this preamble as ‘‘systemic injustices’’) by dispropor- tionately affecting indigenous peoples, communities of color, migrant communities, deindustrialized commu- nities, depopulated rural communities, the poor, low-in- come workers, women, the elderly, the unhoused, people with disabilities, and youth (referred to in this preamble as ‘‘frontline and vulnerable communities’’);

Whereas, climate change constitutes a direct threat to the na- tional security of the United States—

  1. by impacting the economic, environmental, and social stability of countries and communities around the world; and

  2. by acting as a threat multiplier;

Whereas the Federal Government-led mobilizations during World War II and the New Deal created the greatest

middle class that the United States has ever seen, but many members of frontline and vulnerable communities were excluded from many of the economic and societal benefits of those mobilizations; and

Whereas the House of Representatives recognizes that a new national, social, industrial, and economic mobilization on a scale not seen since World War II and the New Deal era is a historic opportunity—

  1. to create millions of good, high-wage jobs in the United States;

  2. to provide unprecedented levels of prosperity and economic security for all people of the United States; and

  3. to counteract systemic injustices: Now, therefore,

be it


Resolved, That it is the sense of the House of Rep-

  1. resentatives that—

  2. (1) it is the duty of the Federal Government to

  3. create a Green New Deal—

  4. (A) to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas

  5. emissions through a fair and just transition for

  6. all communities and workers;

  7. (B) to create millions of good, high-wage

  8. jobs and ensure prosperity and economic secu-

  9. rity for all people of the United States;

  10. (C) to invest in the infrastructure and in-

  11. dustry of the United States to sustainably meet

  12. the challenges of the 21st century;

    1. (D) to secure for all people of the United

    2. States for generations to come—

    3. (i) clean air and water;

    4. (ii) climate and community resiliency;

    5. (iii) healthy food;

    6. (iv) access to nature; and

    7. (v) a sustainable environment; and

    8. (E) to promote justice and equity by stop-

    9. ping current, preventing future, and repairing

    10. historic oppression of indigenous peoples, com-

    11. munities of color, migrant communities,

    12. deindustrialized communities, depopulated rural

    13. communities, the poor, low-income workers,

    14. women, the elderly, the unhoused, people with

    15. disabilities, and youth (referred to in this reso-

    16. lution as ‘‘frontline and vulnerable commu-

    17. nities’’);

    18. (2) the goals described in subparagraphs (A)

    19. through (E) of paragraph (1) (referred to in this

    20. resolution as the ‘‘Green New Deal goals’’) should

    21. be accomplished through a 10-year national mobili-

    22. zation (referred to in this resolution as the ‘‘Green

    23. New Deal mobilization’’) that will require the fol-

    24. lowing goals and projects—

      1. (A) building resiliency against climate

      2. change-related disasters, such as extreme

      3. weather, including by leveraging funding and

      4. providing investments for community-defined

      5. projects and strategies;

      6. (B) repairing and upgrading the infra-

      7. structure in the United States, including—

      8. (i) by eliminating pollution and green-

      9. house gas emissions as much as techno-

      10. logically feasible;

      11. (ii) by guaranteeing universal access

      12. to clean water;

      13. (iii) by reducing the risks posed by cli-

      14. mate impacts; and

      15. (iv) by ensuring that any infrastruc-

      16. ture bill considered by Congress addresses

      17. climate change;

      18. (C) meeting 100 percent of the power de-

      19. mand in the United States through clean, re-

      20. newable, and zero-emission energy sources, in-

      21. cluding—

      22. (i) by dramatically expanding and up-

      23. grading renewable power sources; and

      24. (ii) by deploying new capacity;

        1. (D) building or upgrading to energy-effi-

        2. cient, distributed, and ‘‘smart’’ power grids,

        3. and ensuring affordable access to electricity;

        4. (E) upgrading all existing buildings in the

        5. United States and building new buildings to

        6. achieve maximum energy efficiency, water effi-

        7. ciency, safety, affordability, comfort, and dura-

        8. bility, including through electrification;

        9. (F) spurring massive growth in clean man-

        10. ufacturing in the United States and removing

        11. pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from

        12. manufacturing and industry as much as is tech-

        13. nologically feasible, including by expanding re-

        14. newable energy manufacturing and investing in

        15. existing manufacturing and industry;

        16. (G) working collaboratively with farmers

        17. and ranchers in the United States to remove

        18. pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from

        19. the agricultural sector as much as is techno-

        20. logically feasible, including—

        21. (i) by supporting family farming;

        22. (ii) by investing in sustainable farm-

        23. ing and land use practices that increase

        24. soil health; and

          1. (iii) by building a more sustainable

          2. food system that ensures universal access

          3. to healthy food;

          4. (H) overhauling transportation systems in

          5. the United States to remove pollution and

          6. greenhouse gas emissions from the transpor-

          7. tation sector as much as is technologically fea-

          8. sible, including through investment in—

          9. (i) zero-emission vehicle infrastructure

          10. and manufacturing;

          11. (ii) clean, affordable, and accessible

          12. public transit; and

          13. (iii) high-speed rail;

          14. (I) mitigating and managing the long-term

          15. adverse health, economic, and other effects of

          16. pollution and climate change, including by pro-

          17. viding funding for community-defined projects

          18. and strategies;

          19. (J) removing greenhouse gases from the

          20. atmosphere and reducing pollution by restoring

          21. natural ecosystems through proven low-tech so-

          22. lutions that increase soil carbon storage, such

          23. as land preservation and afforestation;

          24. (K) restoring and protecting threatened,

          25. endangered, and fragile ecosystems through lo-

  1. cally appropriate and science-based projects

  2. that enhance biodiversity and support climate

  3. resiliency;

  4. (L) cleaning up existing hazardous waste

  5. and abandoned sites, ensuring economic devel-

  6. opment and sustainability on those sites;

  7. (M) identifying other emission and pollu-

  8. tion sources and creating solutions to remove

  9. them; and

  10. (N) promoting the international exchange

  11. of technology, expertise, products, funding, and

  12. services, with the aim of making the United

  13. States the international leader on climate ac-

  14. tion, and to help other countries achieve a

  15. Green New Deal;

  16. (3) a Green New Deal must be developed

  17. through transparent and inclusive consultation, col-

  18. laboration, and partnership with frontline and vul-

  19. nerable communities, labor unions, worker coopera-

  20. tives, civil society groups, academia, and businesses;

  21. and

  22. (4) to achieve the Green New Deal goals and

  23. mobilization, a Green New Deal will require the fol-

  24. lowing goals and projects—

    1. (A) providing and leveraging, in a way that

    2. ensures that the public receives appropriate

    3. ownership stakes and returns on investment,

    4. adequate capital (including through community

    5. grants, public banks, and other public financ-

    6. ing), technical expertise, supporting policies,

    7. and other forms of assistance to communities,

    8. organizations, Federal, State, and local govern-

    9. ment agencies, and businesses working on the

    10. Green New Deal mobilization;

    11. (B) ensuring that the Federal Government

    12. takes into account the complete environmental

    13. and social costs and impacts of emissions

    14. through—

    15. (i) existing laws;

    16. (ii) new policies and programs; and

    17. (iii) ensuring that frontline and vul-

    18. nerable communities shall not be adversely

    19. affected;

    20. (C) providing resources, training, and

    21. high-quality education, including higher edu-

    22. cation, to all people of the United States, with

    23. a focus on frontline and vulnerable commu-

    24. nities, so that all people of the United States

1 may be full and equal participants in the Green

  1. New Deal mobilization;

  2. (D) making public investments in the re-

  3. search and development of new clean and re-

  4. newable energy technologies and industries;

  5. (E) directing investments to spur economic

  6. development, deepen and diversify industry and

  7. business in local and regional economies, and

  8. build wealth and community ownership, while

  9. prioritizing high-quality job creation and eco-

  10. nomic, social, and environmental benefits in

  11. frontline and vulnerable communities, and

  12. deindustrialized communities, that may other-

  13. wise struggle with the transition away from

  14. greenhouse gas intensive industries;

  15. (F) ensuring the use of democratic and

  16. participatory processes that are inclusive of and

  17. led by frontline and vulnerable communities and

  18. workers to plan, implement, and administer the

  19. Green New Deal mobilization at the local level;

  20. (G) ensuring that the Green New Deal mo-

  21. bilization creates high-quality union jobs that

  22. pay prevailing wages, hires local workers, offers

  23. training and advancement opportunities, and

  1. guarantees wage and benefit parity for workers

  2. affected by the transition;

  3. (H) guaranteeing a job with a family-sus-

  4. taining wage, adequate family and medical

  5. leave, paid vacations, and retirement security to

  6. all people of the United States;

  7. (I) strengthening and protecting the right

  8. of all workers to organize, unionize, and collec-

  9. tively bargain free of coercion, intimidation, and

  10. harassment;

  11. (J) strengthening and enforcing labor,

  12. workplace health and safety, antidiscrimination,

  13. and wage and hour standards across all employ-

  14. ers, industries, and sectors;

  15. (K) enacting and enforcing trade rules,

  16. procurement standards, and border adjustments

  17. with strong labor and environmental protec-

  18. tions—

  19. (i) to stop the transfer of jobs and

  20. pollution overseas; and

  21. (ii) to grow domestic manufacturing

  22. in the United States;

  23. (L) ensuring that public lands, waters, and

  24. oceans are protected and that eminent domain

  25. is not abused;

    1. (M) obtaining the free, prior, and informed

    2. consent of indigenous peoples for all decisions

    3. that affect indigenous peoples and their tradi-

    4. tional territories, honoring all treaties and

    5. agreements with indigenous peoples, and pro-

    6. tecting and enforcing the sovereignty and land

    7. rights of indigenous peoples;

    8. (N) ensuring a commercial environment

    9. where every businessperson is free from unfair

    10. competition and domination by domestic or

    11. international monopolies; and

    12. (O) providing all people of the United

    13. States with—

    14. (i) high-quality health care;

    15. (ii) affordable, safe, and adequate

    16. housing;

    17. (iii) economic security; and

    18. (iv) clean water, clean air, healthy and

    19. affordable food, and access to nature.